IMPROVE Publications

Since 1988 when Crocker Nuclear Laboratory installed the first IMPROVE aerosol samplers in the field, the IMPROVE network has yielded many millions of measurement values. A large community of researchers and analysts use these data to address a wide range of scientific and regulatory issues. Papers and publications stemming from this trove of data are listed below.

Crocker Nuclear Laboratory publications

  1. Castaneda, C. M., L. L. Ashbaugh, and P. Wakabayashi (2010), Use of proton backscattering to determine the carbon and oxygen content in fine particle samples deposited on PTFE((CF2)(n)) membrane disk filters, J. Aerosol Sci., 41, 99-107.
  2. Coury, C. and A. M. Dillner (2009), ATR-FTIR characterization of organic functional groups and inorganic ions in ambient aerosols at a rural site, Atmos. Environ., 43, 940-948.
  3. Dillner, A. M., C. H. Phuah, and J. R. Turner (2009), Effects of post-sampling conditions on ambient carbon aerosol filter measurements, Atmos. Environ., 43, 5937-5943.
  4. Hyslop, N. P. and W. H. White (2008), An empirical approach to estimating detection limits using collocated data, Environ. Sci. Technol., 42, 5235-5240.
  5. Hyslop, N. P. and W. H. White (2008), An evaluation of Interagency Monitoring of PROtected Visual Environments (IMPROVE) collocated precision and uncertainty estimates, Atmos. Environ., 42, 2691-2705.
  6. Hyslop, N.P.  (2009), Impaired visibility: the air pollution people see, Atmos. Environ., 43, 182-195.
  7. Hyslop, N. P. and W. H. White (2009), Estimating precision using duplicate measurements, J. Air Waste Manage. Assoc., 59, 1032-1039.
  8. Hyslop, N. P. and W. H. White (2011), Identifying sources of uncertainty from the inter-species covariance of measurement errors, Environ. Sci. Technol., 45, 4030-4037.
  9. Hyslop, N. P., Trzepla, K.,  and W. H. White (2012), Reanalysis of archived IMPROVE PM2.5 samples previously analyzed over a 15-year period, Environ. Sci. Technol., 48, 10106-10113
  10. Hyslop, N. P., Trzepla, K.,  Wallis, C.D., Matzoll, A.K. and W. H. White (2013), A 23-year record of twice-weekly aerolsol composition measurements at Mauna Loa Observatory , Atmos. Environ., 80, 259-263.
  11. Indresand, H. and A.M. Dillner (2012), Experimental characterization of sulfur interference in IMPROVE aluminum and silicon XRF data, Atmos. Environ., 61, 140-147.
  12. Indresand, H., W.H. White, K. Trzepla, and A.M. Dillner (2013), Preparation of sulfur reference materials that reproduce atmospheric particulate matter sample characteristics for XRF calibration, X-Ray Spectrometry, DOI 10.1002/xrs.2456.
  13. McDade, C. E., A. M. Dillner, and H. Indresand (2009), Particulate matter sample deposit geometry and effective filter face velocities, J. Air Waste Manage. Assoc., 59, 1045-1048.
  14. Murphy, D. M., J. C. Chow, E. M. Leibensperger, W. C. Malm, M. L. Pitchford, B. A. Schichtel, J. G. Watson, and W. H. White (2011), Decreases in elemental carbon and fine particle mass in the United States, Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss., 11, 2057-2076.
  15. Murphy, D. M., S. L. Capps, J. S. Daniel, G. J. Frost, and W. H. White (2008), Weekly patterns of aerosol in the United States, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 8, 2729-2739.
  16. Phuah, C.H., M.R. Peterson, M.H. Richards, J.R. Turner, and A.M. Dillner (2009), A temperature calibration procedure for the Sunset Laboratory carbon aerosol analysis lab instrument, Aerosol Science & Technology, 43, 1013-1021.
  17. Schichtel, B. A., W. C. Malm, G. Bench, S. Fallon, C. E. McDade, J. C. Chow, and J. G. Watson (2008), Fossil and contemporary fine particulate carbon fractions at 12 rural and urban sites in the United States, J. Geophys. Res. -Atmospheres, 113, 1-20.
  18. Schichtel, B.A., M.L. Pitchford, and W.H. White (2011), Comments on “Impacts of California’s air pollution laws on black carbon and their implications for direct radiative forcing” by R. Bahadur et al., Atmos. Environ., 45, 4116-4118.
  19. Trzepla-Nabaglo, K., P. H. Wakabayashi, and W. H. White (2009), Toward establishing the stability of multi-year monitoring of elements in airborne particles, J. Air Waste Manage. Assoc., 59, 1040-1044.
  20. White, W. H. (2008), Chemical markers for sea salt in IMPROVE aerosol data, Atmos. Environ., 42, 261-274.
  21. White, W.H. (2009), Considerations in the use of ozone and PM2.5 data for exposure assessment, Air Quality Atmosphere and Health, 2, 223-230.
  22. White, W.H., Hyslop, N.P., Trzepla, K., Yatkin, S., Rarig, R.S., Gill, T.E., Jin, L. (2015), Regional transport of a chemically distinctive dust: Gypsum from White Sands, New Mexico (USA). Aeolian Research 16, 1-10.
  23. Yatkin, S., Amin, H. S., Trzepla, K., Dillner, A. M. (2016).  Preparation of Lead (Pb) X-ray Fluorescence Reference Materials for the EPA Pb Monitoring Program and the IMPROVE Network Using an Aerosol Deposition Method, Aerosol Science and Technology.
  24. Yatkin,S., Belis C.A., Gerboles, M., Calzolai, G., Lucarelli,F., Cavalli, F., Trzepla, K. (2016). An Interlaboratory comparison study on the measurement of elements in PM10, Atmospheric Environment, Volume 125, Part A, January 2016, Pages 61-68.

Publications by other users of IMPROVE data

  1. Bahadur, R., Y. Feng, L. M. Russell, and V. Ramanathan (2011), Impact of California's air pollution laws on black carbon and their implications for direct radiative forcing, Atmos. Environ., 45, 1162-1167.
  2. Chen, L.-W. A., J. G. Watson, J. C. Chow, D. W. DuBois, and L. Herschberger (2010), Chemical mass balance source apportionment for combined PM2.5 measurements from U.S. non-urban and urban long-term networks, Atmos. Environ., 44, 4908-4918.
  3. Chow, J. C., J. G. Watson, J. Robles, X. L. Wang, L.-W. A. Chen, D. L. Trimble, S. D. Kohl, R. J. Tropp, and K. K. Fung (2011), Quality control and quality assurance for thermal/optical analysis of aerosol samples for organic and elemental carbon, Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry, submitted.
  4. Chow, J. C., J. G. Watson, L. W. A. Chen, J. Rice, and N. H. Frank (2010), Quantification of PM2.5 organic carbon sampling artifacts in US networks, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 10, 5223-5239.
  5. Chow, J. C., J. G. Watson, M. C. Green, and N. H. Frank (2010), Filter light attenuation as a surrogate for elemental carbon, J. Air Waste Manage. Assoc., 60, 1365-1375.
  6. Christopher, S. A., P. Gupta, U. Nair, T. A. Jones, S. Kondragunta, Y.-L. Wu, J. Hand, and X. Zhang (2009), Satellite remote sensing and mesoscale modeling of the 2007 Georgia/Florida fires, IEEE J. Selected Topics in Applied Earth Obs. Remote. Sens., 2(3), doi:10.1109/JSTARS.2009.2026626, 163-175.
  7. Draxler, R. R., P. Ginoux, and A. F. Stein (2010), An empirically derived emission algorithm for wind-blown dust, J. Geophys. Res., 115, D16212, doi:10.1029/2009JD013167.
  8. Draxler, R. R., P. Ginoux, and A. F. Stein (2010), An empirically derived emission algorithm for wind-blown dust, J. Geophys. Res., 115, D16212, doi:10.1029/2009JD013167.
  9. Drury, E., D. J. Jacob, R. J. D. Spurr, J. Wang, Y. Shinozuka, B. E. Anderson, A. D. Clarke, J. Dibb, C. McNaughton, and R. Weber (2010), Synthesis of satellite (MODIS), aircraft (ICARTT), and surface (IMPROVE, EPA-AQS, AERONET) aerosol observations over eastern North America to improve MODIS aerosol retrievals and constrain surface aerosol concentrations and sources, J. Geophys. Res, 115, D14204.
  10. Farina, S. C., P. J. Adams, and S. N. Pandis (2010), Modeling global secondary organic aerosol formation and processing with the volatility basis set: Implications for anthropogenic secondary organic aerosol, J. Geophys. Res. -Atmospheres, 115.
  11. Fu, T. M., D. J. Jacob, and C. L. Heald (2009), Aqueous-phase reactive uptake of dicarbonyls as a source of organic aerosol over eastern North America, Atmos. Environ., 43, 1814-1822.
  12. Ganguly, D., P. Ginoux, V. Ramaswamy, O. Dubovik, J. Welton, E. A. Reid, and B. N. Holben (2009), Inferring the composition and concentration of aerosols by combining AERONET and MPLNET data: Comparison with other measurements and utilization to evaluate GCM output, J. Geophys. Res. -Atmospheres, 114.
  13. Gebhart, K. A., B. A. Schichtel, W. C. Malm, M. G. Barna, M. A. Rodriguez, and J. L. Collett (2011), Back-trajectory-based source apportionment of airborne sulfur and nitrogen concentrations at Rocky Mountain National Park, Colorado, USA, Atmos. Environ., 45, 621-633.
  14. Geiser, L. H., A. R. Ingersoll, A. Bytnerowicz, and S. A. Copeland (2008), Evidence of enhanced atmospheric ammoniacal nitrogen in Hells Canyon national recreation area: Implications for natural and cultural resources, J. Air Waste Manage. Assoc., 58, 1223-1234.
  15. Geiser, L. H., S. E. Jovan, D. A. Glavich, and M. K. Porter (2010), Lichen-based critical loads for atmospheric nitrogen deposition in Western Oregon and Washington Forests, USA, Environ. Poll., 158, 2412-2421.
  16. Green, M. C., S. Kondragunta, P. Ciren, and C. Y. Xu (2009), Comparison of GOES and MODIS Aerosol Optical Depth (AOD) to Aerosol Robotic Network (AERONET) AOD and IMPROVE PM2.5 mass at Bondville, Illinois, J. Air Waste Manage. Assoc., 59, 1082-1091.
  17. Gutknecht, W., J. Flanagan, A. McWilliams, R. K. M. Jayanty, R. Kellogg, J. Rice, P. Duda, and R. H. Sarver (2010), Harmonization of uncertainties of x-ray fluorescence data for PM2.5 air filter analysis, J. Air Waste Manage. Assoc., 60, 184-194.
  18. Hand, J. L., B. A. Schichtel, M. Pitchford, W. C. Malm, and N. H. Frank (2012), Seasonal composition of remote and urban fine particulate matter in the United States, J. Geophys. Res., 117, D05209.
  19. Henze, D. K., J. H. Seinfeld, and D. T. Shindell (2009), Inverse modeling and mapping US air quality influences of inorganic PM2.5 precursor emissions using the adjoint of GEOS-Chem, Atmos. Chem. Phys.,  9, 5877-5903.
  20. Holden, A. S., Sullivan, A. P., Munchak, L. A., Kreidenweis, S. M., Schichtel, B. A., Malm, W. C., and Collett, Jr. J. L. (2011) Determining contributions of biomass burning and other sources to fine particle contemporary carbon in the western United States. Atmos. Environ., 45, 1986-1993.
  21. Hu, Y. T., S. L. Napelenok, M. T. Odman, and A. G. Russell (2009), Sensitivity of inverse estimation of 2004 elemental carbon emissions inventory in the United States to the choice of observational networks, Geophys. Res. Lett., 36.
  22. Jaffe, D. A. and D. R. Reidmiller (2009), Now you see it, now you don't: Impact of temporary closures of a coal-fired power plant on air quality in the Columbia River Gorge National Scenic Area, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 9, 7997-8005.
  23. Jaffe, D., D. Chand, W. Hafner, A. Westerling, and D. Spracklen (2008), Influence of fires on O3 concentrations in the western US, Environ. Sci. Technol., 42, 5885-5891.
  24. Jaffe, D., W. Hafner, D. Chand, A. Westerling, and D. Spracklen (2008), Interannual variations in PM2.5 due to wildfires in the western United States, Environ. Sci. Technol., 42, 2812-2818.
  25. Kavouras, I. G., V. Etyemezian, and D. W. DuBois (2009), Development of a geospatial screening tool to identify source areas of windblown dust, Environ. Modelling & Software, 24, 1003-1011.
  26. Kavouras, I. G., V. Etyemezian, D. W. DuBois, J. Xu, and M. L. Pitchford (2009), Source reconciliation of atmospheric dust causing visibility impairment in Class I areas of the western United States, J. Geophys. Res. -Atmospheres, 114.
  27. Kim, E. and P. K. Hopke (2008), Characterization of ambient fine particles in the northwestern area and Anchorage, Alaska, J. Air Waste Manage. Assoc., 58, 1328-1340.
  28. Laidlaw, M. A. S. and G. M. Filippelli (2008), Resuspension of urban soils as a persistent source of lead poisoning in children: A review and new directions, Applied Geochemistry, 23, 2021-2039.
  29. Landreman, A. P., M. M. Shafer, J. C. Hemming, M. P. Hannigan, and J. J. Schauer (2008), A macrophage-based method for the assessment of the reactive oxygen species (ROS) activity of atmospheric particulate matter (PM) and application to routine (daily-24 h) aerosol monitoring studies, Aerosol Sci. Technol., 42, 946-957
  30. Lane, T. E., N. M. Donahue, and S. N. Pandis (2008), Simulating secondary organic aerosol formation using the volatility basis-set approach in a chemical transport model, Atmos. Environ., 42, 7439-7451.
  31. Lavery, T. F., C. M. Rogers, R. Baumgardner, and K. P. Mishoe (2009), Intercomparison of Clean Air Status and Trends Network nitrate and nitric acid measurements with data from other monitoring programs, J. Air Waste Manage. Assoc., 59, 214-226.
  32. Lee, T., X. Y. Yu, B. Ayres, S. M. Kreidenweis, W. C. Malm, and J. L. Collett (2008), Observations of fine and coarse particle nitrate at several rural locations in the United States, Atmos. Environ., 42, 2720-2732.
  33. Lee, T., X. Y. Yu, S. M. Kreidenweis, W. C. Malm, and J. L. Collett (2008), Semi-continuous measurement of PM2.5 ionic composition at several rural locations in the United States, Atmos. Environ., 42, 6655-6669.
  34. Liu, J., D. L. Mauzerall, and L. W. Horowitz (2008), Source-receptor relationships between East Asian sulfur dioxide emissions and Northern Hemisphere sulfate concentrations, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 8, 3721-3733.
  35. Lowenthal, D. H., B. Zielinska, B. Mason, S. Samy, V. Samburova, D. Collins, C. Spencer, N. Taylor, J. Allen, and N. K. Kumar (2009), Aerosol characterization studies at Great Smoky Mountains National Park, summer 2006, J. Geophys. Res. -Atmospheres, 114.
  36. Lowenthal, D. H., J. G. Watson, D. Koracin, L.-W. A. Chen, D. DuBois, R. Vellore, N. Kumar, E. M. Knipping, N. Wheeler, K. Craig, and S. Reid (2010), Evaluation of regional scale receptor modeling, J. Air Waste Manage. Assoc., 60, 26-42.
  37. Malm, W. C., G. R. McMeeking, S. M. Kreidenweis, E. Levin, C. M. Carrico, D. E. Day, J. L. Collett, T. Lee, A. P. Sullivan, and S. Raja (2009), Using high time resolution aerosol and number size distribution measurements to estimate atmospheric extinction, J. Air Waste Manage. Assoc., 59, 1049-1060.
  38. Molders, N., S. E. Porter, C. F. Cahill, and G. A. Grell (2010), Influence of ship emissions on air quality and input of contaminants in southern Alaska National Parks and Wilderness Areas during the 2006 tourist season, Atmos. Environ., 44, 1400-1413.
  39. Murphy, B. N. and S. N. Pandis (2009), Simulating the formation of semivolatile primary and secondary organic aerosol in a regional chemical transport model, Environ. Sci. Technol., 43, 4722-4728.
  40. Pitchford, M. L., R. L. Poirot, B. A. Schichtel, and W. C. Malm (2009), Characterization of the winter midwestern particulate nitrate bulge, J. Air Waste Manage. Assoc., 59, 1061-1069.
  41. Poirot, R. L. (2009) Use of Trace Metals as Source Fingerprints, in: Air Quality and Ecological Impacts: Relating Sources to Effects, A. H. Legge, Editor, Elsevier Ltd., Oxford, UK.
  42. Rodriguez, M. A., M. G. Barna, K. A. Gebhart, J. L. Hand, Z. E. Adelman, B. A. Schichtel, J. L. Collett, and W. C. Malm (2011), Modeling the fate of atmospheric reduced nitrogen during the Rocky Mountain Atmospheric Nitrogen and Sulfur Study (RoMANS): Performance evaluation and diagnosis using integrated processes rate analysis, Atmos. Environ., 45, 223-234.
  43. Shi, Z. B., D. Z. Zhang, H. Z. Ji, S. Hasegawa, and M. Hayashi (2008), Modification of soot by volatile species in an urban atmosphere, Sci. Total Environ., 389, 195-201.
  44. Sickles, J. E., II and D. S. Shadwick (2008), Comparison of particulate sulfate and nitrate at collocated CASTNET and IMPROVE sites in the eastern US, Atmos. Environ., 42, 2062-2073.
  45. Simon, H., P. V. Bhave, J. L. Swall, N. H. Frank, and W. C. Malm (2011), Determining the spatial and seasonal variability in OM/OC ratios across the US using multiple regression, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 11, 2933-2949.
  46. Spak, S. N. and T. Holloway (2009), Seasonality of speciated aerosol transport over the Great Lakes region, J. Geophys. Res. -Atmospheres, 114.
  47. Stroud, C.A., P. A. Makar, M. D. Moran, W. Gong, S. Gong, J. Zhang, K. Hayden, C. Mihele, J. R. Brook, J. P. D. Abbatt, and J. G. Slowik (2011) Impact of model grid spacing on regional- and urban- scale air quality predictions of organic aerosol, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 11, 3107–3118.
  48. Tanner, R. L., K. J. Olszyna, E. S. Edgerton, E. Knipping, and S. L. Shaw (2009), Searching for evidence of acid-catalyzed enhancement of secondary organic aerosol formation using ambient aerosol data, Atmos. Environ., 43, 3440-3444.
  49. Terhorst, J. and M. Berkman (2010), Effect of coal-fired power generation on visibility in a nearby national park, Atmos. Environ., 44, 2524-2531.
  50. Watson, J. G., J. C. Chow, D. H. Lowenthal, and K. L. Magliano (2008), Estimating aerosol light scattering at the Fresno Supersite, Atmos. Environ., 42, 1186-1196.
  51. Watson, J. G., J. C. Chow, L.-W. A. Chen, and N. H. Frank (2009), Methods to assess carbonaceous aerosol sampling artifacts for IMPROVE and other long-term networks, J. Air Waste Manage. Assoc., 59, 898-911.
  52. Zeng, T. and Y. H. Wang (2011), Nationwide summer peaks of OC/EC ratios in the contiguous United States, Atmos. Environ., 45, 578-586.
  53. Zhang, Y., K. Vijayaraghavan, X.-Y. Wen, H. E. Snell, and M. Z. Jacobson (2009), Probing into regional ozone and particulate matter pollution in the United States: 1. A 1 year CMAQ simulation and evaluation using surface and satellite data, J. Geophys. Res., 114, D22304.